Tactical transport aircraft in the small and medium segment. This twin-engine turboprop is produced by the Spanish division of Airbus, formerly known as CASA. The C-295 type has been in production since the late 1990s, with the first flight taking place in 2001. Several specific versions have been created, which can be modified modularly. The particular versions focus on reconnaissance, firefighting, refueling, and naval and electronic warfare tasks.
The cargo bay can be easily adapted to transport cargo, VIPs, and the evacuation of wounded and sick persons in the standard version. The 12-meter cargo hold allows for up to 9,250 kg of cargo. The C-295 can carry up to six pallet loads or three Land Rover cars in practice. In the case of passenger transport, it has a maximum capacity of 71 soldiers, 50 paratroopers, or 46 passengers in economy class. In performing standard transport tasks, it is also characterized by its robust six-wheeled landing gear, particularly its low requirements for landing and take-off area in terms of length and surface quality.
A total of 222 CASA C-295s have been ordered from the manufacturer by all countries till 2021, of which 189 are in service. Many countries around the world use this type of aircraft. The largest user is Egypt, with a total of 24 units. Spain, Poland, Portugal, Indonesia, Brazil, and Mexico operate more than ten units.
The Air Force is also a user of the aircraft, with six in service, and has used them for a wide range of tasks. The first aircraft was acquired by the Czech Air Force in 2010, with the first series consisting of four C-295M. The Czech C-295M is deployed regularly for the MFO peacekeeping mission in the Sinai Peninsula. They are also used for training paratroopers and transporting material for Czech troops abroad. They have even been used to transport Przewalski's horses to Mongolia as part of the participation of the Czech Armed Forces in the rescue program of the ZOO Prague.
The latest version of the C-295MW, two of which were acquired by the Czech Armed Forces in 2021, can be distinguished mainly by its distinctive winglets curved aerodynamic surfaces at the end of the wings. These, together with improved Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127G engines, increase the payload capacity by up to one tonne, extend the range and save fuel. This version adds more advanced communications and navigation systems as well as avionics. It also features a new, more durable semi-gloss paint finish.
|Empty weight||11 000 kg|
|Max takeoff weight||23 200 kg|
|Maximum speed||576 km/h|
|Service ceiling||9 150 m|